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Geography And Geology

The study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these. Geography- the Science of Earth is a diverse term which deals with aerial differentiation of the surface of the earth. Derived from the Greek words 'Geo or Gaea' ( Earth) and 'graphein' (to describe or to map), geography literally means 'to describe or write about the earth'. Geography is not a mere academic subject, but it involves finding out the facts on earth. The individuals associated with geography are called Geographers.

Geographers are scientists studying physical details of the earth and its environment. It also involves the study of effects on human and wildlife, weather and climate patterns, economics and culture. Two major brances of geography are: Physical Geography and Human Geography Also known as Geosystems or Physiography, Physical geography is the study of physical features of earth such as rivers, landforms, climate, hazards and many more that occupies the atmosphere, biosphere and geosphere.  Human geography deals with the study of human, political, economic, social and cultural activities.

Courses under Geography/Geology:-

  • PhD in Geography
  • PhD in Geology
  • M Sc. in Geography
  • M. A. in Geography
  • PhD in Geography
  • B Sc. in Geography
  • B Sc. in Geology
  • B. A. Honours in Geology
  • B. A, Honours in Geography

Geography provides number of options for those who are interested in subjects like countries, people, economy, climate etc. Technological developments like Geographical Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing careers in geography are becoming more promising and challenging. Remote Sensing is the science of gathering information about an area, object or anything without direct contact with the objects. The information's are transferred with the help of electromagnetic radiation. GIS is a computer based information system which is used to digitally represent and analyse the geographic features present on the earth surface and the events that take place on it. GIS data collection, GPS (Global Positioning System) technology uses satellites and computers to compute positions on earth.

Eligibility:
Post-Graduation:
To pursue Master’s degree in geography and geology one should have graduate degree in any discipline. Duration of the course in 2 years

Under-Graduation:
To pursue Bachelor’s degree in geography and geology one should have passed 10+2 (or higher secondary) with science as a subject.

Specialization:

  • Development Geography
  • Feminist Geography
  • Economic geology
  • Demography Geography
  • Historical Geography
  • Isotope Geology
  • Behavioural Geography
  • Geochemistry
  • Geophysics
  • Health Geography
  • Cultural Geography
  • Economic Geography
  • Hydrogeology
  • Marine Geology
  • Structural Geology

Career Prospects:
A professional geographer has multiple options in career. Geographers can work in government departments and research institutes as cartographer, regional and urban planner.  Several private sector organisationsrequire the service of qualified geographer. After pursuing degree or diploma geology one can join NGOs and other developmental agencies engaged in population studies, rural development and environmental issues. Teaching and coaching institutes can also be one of the lucrative options for the professionals.

Remuneration:
Government departments offer INR 7000 to 15000 per month. Professional can get hike in salaries depending upon the experience and qualification. Geographers employed in government departments and research institutes draw salary of Rs 8,000 to Rs 15,000 per month, which totally depend upon their qualification, experience and seniority. In private sector remuneration is very high along with other benefits like house rent and medical allowances. Monthly earnings of Geography teachers can vary from Rs 10,000 to Rs 25,000 per month.

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