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Microbiology Science

Microbiology in simple words is the study of microorganisms.  Microbiology can be defined as the biology of microscopic organisms, or life too small to be seen with the naked eye.  It includes study of eukaryotes, such as fungi and protists, and prokaryotes. Viruses and prions, though not strictly classed as living organisms, are also studied. Microbiology typically includes the study of the immune system, known as immunology. Generally, immune systems interact with various pathogenic microbes and defend organism’s body against foreign attack. Microbiology and Immunology often interact with each other on many fronts.


Microbiology is amalgamation of several disciplines:

  • Virology (study of viruses)
  • Bacteriology (study of bacteria)
  • Mycology (study of fungi)\'
  • Parasitology (study of parasites)


A course in microbiology helps the student to apply knowledge in the field of fermentation, agriculture, soil studies, and marine environment.


The importance of microbiology includes:

  • Biomedical research, Creation of medicines
  • Environmental applications and New research tools


Courses in Microbiology:

  • M Sc. in Applied Microbiology
  • M Sc. in Microbiology
  • M Sc. in Microbial Genetics and Bioinformatics
  • M Sc. in Medical Microbiology
  • B Sc. in Microbiology
  • B Sc. in Clinical Microbiology
  • B Sc. in Applied Microbiology
  • B Sc. in Food Technology



Entry into post graduate program requires student to have bachelor’s degree in microbiology and other relevant disciplines. Course duration is of 2 years.

Entry into under graduate degree program requires student to have passed 10+2 (higher secondary). Candidate must have mathematics or biology as one of the subjects in 10+2. Minimum percentage requires in 10+2 is 55% - 60%. Generally course is of 3 years.

Specializations in microbiology:

  • Cellular Microbiology
  • Nano Microbiology
  • Generation Microbiology
  • Agricultural Microbiology
  • Industrial Microbiology
  • Water Microbiology
  • Environmental Microbiology
  • Veterinary Microbiology
  • Microbial Genetics
  • Pharmaceutical Microbiology
  • Evolutionary Microbiology
  • Soil Microbiology


Job Prospects:
Job opportunities after a degree in microbiology are in the field of:

  • Agriculture Department
  • Private Hospitals
  • Food Industry
  • Environmental Agencies
  • Beverage Industry
  • Research Organizations
  • Universities
  • Laboratories
  • Pharmaceutical Industries
  • Chemical Industries


Microbiologists gets job in R&D, food industry, fermentation industry, government research institutes, hospitals, chemical industry, and pharmaceutical industries. One can also opt teaching as a profession.


Job profiles:

  • Biotechnologist
  • Biochemist
  • Biomedical scientists
  • Mycologists
  • Cell Biologists
  • Teachers
  • Microbiologists
  • Immunologists
  • Geneticists
  • Protozoologists
  • Analysts
  • Parasitologists
  • Science Writer
  • Virologists


Pay Package:
Microbiologist gets job according to their experience and qualification level. At the beginning one can get INR 7000 to 12000 per month as lab assistants.  As a JRF one can get starting pay of INR 15000 to 18000 per month. Fermentation companies offer handsome salaries which can go in lac as the experience increases.

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