E.N.T (Ear, Nose and Throat) is a part of medical science that focuses in the treatment of ear, nose, throat, head and neck. ENT is also known as Otolaryngology. Earlier ENT specialist use to treat diseases related to infections, allergies and disorders related to ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat). Specialist in ENT makes surgeries on face and voice box in order to cure hearing problem. They also diagnose the problems such as thyroid cancer, throat cancer and laryngomalacia. Otolaryngologist also does cosmetic surgery such as chin augmentation and hair transplantation. They also perform difficult events to treat malignant cancers.
What do otolaryngologists (ENT specialist) treat?
Ears :- ENT specialist treat diseases related to ear. Professionals in ENT are taught in both surgical as well as medical treatment of hearing such as nerve pain, hearing issues, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), facial and cranial nerve disorders and ear infections. They also manage hereditary (birth) disorders of children.
Nose :- ENT specialist treat diseases related to nose. Care of nasal cavity (managing of nasal area comprises allergies and sense of smell) and sinuses are one of the major talents of otolaryngologists. Breathing and the appearance of the nose is also a part of Otolaryngologist expertise.
Throat :- Otolaryngologist treat diseases related to throat. Eating and speaking (singing and speech) are engaged in this area. Specialist also treats diseases like upper aero-digestive tract or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders and voice box (larynx).
Head and Neck :- Otolaryngologist treat diseases related to head and neck. It is related to the nerves that manage face, smell, sight and hearing near head and neck. Their professionals are taught to treat diseases, both at benign and malignant (cancerous) tumors, facial trauma, and deformities of the face.
List of Courses: -
- Diploma in ENT
- Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology
- Doctor of Medicine in ENT
- Master of Surgery in ENT
- Post graduate diploma in otorhinolaryngology
For admission in to bachelor’s degree, the candidate must have passed the higher secondary school certificate (12th Std.) examination with science subject such as (biology, Maths and Chemistry).
The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree are holding a bachelor's degree with science subject science subject such as (biology, Maths and Chemistry).
Some specializations under ENT are:-
- Facial plastic surgery
- Head & Neck Surgery
- Pediatric ENT
- Neurotology / Skull base surgery
There are lots of career opportunities in the field of ENT. Graduates can start their career as practitioners in government or in private hospitals. After gaining experience they can start their own ENT clinic which could help them to gain the confidence and revenue. Now a days setting up private clinic is very easy as an ENT specialists can make surgeries for different hospitals as well.
Expert professionals can also opt for research field, where they can good experience. Professionals in this career can also opt for teaching jobs in universities and colleges. There are lots of job opportunities available in India as well as in foreign countries for ENT specialists.
Some job types: -
- ENT assistant
- ENT surgeons
- Private practitioners