Zoology, a branch of biology, is the scientific study of animals including protozoa, fish, reptiles, birds and mammals. In other words, Zoology is the science which deals with study of animals and their existence in the environment. It involves the study of biology and genetics of animals including marine life, zoo animals, wildlife, domestic animals and even household pets. Zoology is the branch of science that focuses on structure, function, behavior and evolution of animals.
Zoologists study or work directly with different species of animals not only in Zoos, but also in their natural habitats, i.e. forests. A zoologist is responsible for preparing reports on various traits and aspects of animals, birds, mammals, insects, fishes and worms and managing them at different places. Zoologists work in the field and in the laboratory with all sorts of high technology including DNA identification, and they develop databanks of information that capture data on animals that are now even extinct.
Few courses in Zoology:-
- Bachelor of Science in Zoology
- Bachelor of Science in Bio-technology, Zoology and Chemistry
- Bachelor of Science in Botany, Zoology and Chemistry
- Master of Science in Marine Zoology
- Master of Science in Zoology with specializations in Medical Microbiology
- Master of Science in Zoology
- Master of Philosophy in Zoology
- Doctor of Philosophy in Zoology
Admission to Post graduate course requires a student to have completed their Bachelor’s degree in Zoology with 50% marks and above. Duration of course is 2 years.
Eligibility for admission into bachelor’s degree is that student must have passed higher secondary education or 10+2 with Science (Physics, Chemistry and Biology) as a subject. Duration of the course is 3 years.
Few specializations in Zoology:-
Job prospects in Zoology:
After pursuing degree in zoology one can work as a research zoologist, conducting experiments on specific animals. Zoologists spend their time outdoors, as part of their course as well as their work life. Zoos absorb many trained individuals. Salaries vary. Opportunities are also in government institutes, environmental conservation groups. Other opportunities include government, environmental consulting firms and conservation groups.
- Animal breeders
- Animal and Wildlife Educators
- Wildlife Biologists
- Animal rehabilitator
- Zoo Curator
- Animal Behaviourists
- Documentary Maker
- Animal Trainers
- Forensic Experts
- Animal Caretakers
- Lab Technicians
- Zoo keeper
Pay package will vary depending upon the experience, area of specialization and organization type. Research and Development offers lucrative salaries to the employees. In the beginning employees get salary around INR 7000 to 12000. Salary increases as employees get more experienced.